Infertility is deﬁned as couple’s inability to achieve pregnancy following one year of appropriately timed unprotected intercourse.
Male fertility is a condition in which male factor is responsible for the situation.
Studies has proven that male factor is responsible in upto 50% of couples presenting for infertility evaluation.So 50% of infertile couples need a andrologist.
Mostly, infertile copies initiate their evaluation and treatment by consulting their gynaecologist which unknowingly miss the male factors, because of this there is often a delay in male evaluation and treatment. In addition to this, their is a misconcept that infertility is associated with impotence and manliness also leads to ignorance of male evaluation and treatment. Contrary to female infertility evaluation, male evaluation is rapid and non invasive. So male evaluation is necessary and simpler step towards infertility treatment.
Advances in artiﬁcial reproductive techniques halved to the point where single sperm can be physically injected into an egg ( intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]). By virtue of ICSI couples with severe male factor infertility are able to conceive their own genetic child. With the help of surgical sperm retrieval and ICSI as high as 90% of all infertile men, including half of all men with NOA can be successfully treated.